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Bibliography



Citations below are linked to PubMed when available; if a citation is not hyperlinked, it is not yet available through PubMed. When a citation does become available through PubMed, a hyperlink will be added. If you are interested in a non-hyperlinked publication, we encourage you to retrieve it through your own library system from the journal or publication cited.

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What's New

Design and evaluation of simulation scenarios for a program introducing patient safety, teamwork, safety leadership, and simulation to healthcare leaders and managers.
Cooper JB, Singer SJ, Hayes J, Sales M, Vogt JW, Raemer D, Meyer GS.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6(4):231-8.

Evaluating the effectiveness of virtual reality simulation training in intravenous cannulation.
Loukas C, Nikiteas N, Kanakis M, Georgiou E.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6(4):213-7.

Experiencing virtual patients in clinical learning: a phenomenological study.
Edelbring S, Dastmalchi M, Hult H, Lundberg IE, Dahlgren LO.
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2011 Aug;16(3):331-45. Epub 2011 Jun 9.

Integration of laparoscopic virtual-reality simulation into gynaecology training.
Burden C, Oestergaard J, Larsen CR.
BJOG. 2011 Nov;118 Suppl 3:5-10

An "intermediate curriculum" for advanced laparoscopic skills training with virtual reality simulation.
Schreuder HW, van Hove PD, Janse JA, Verheijen RR, Stassen LP, Dankelman J.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2011 Sep-Oct;18(5):597-606. Epub 2011 Jul 23.

Randomized controlled trial of virtual reality and hybrid simulation for robotic surgical training.
Feifer A, Al-Ammari A, Kovac E, Delisle J, Carrier S, Anidjar M.
BJU Int. 2011 Nov;108(10):1652-6;

 

Articles

Note: Click on each catagory to reveal or hide the bibliographies.

Animal Tissue Models

Endoscopic skills training in a simulated clinical setting
Leon Fisher, BMBS, FRACP; Donald G. Ormonde, MBBS, FRACP, PhD; Richard H. Riley, MBBS, FANZCA, FACA; Bernard H. Laurence, BMedSci(Hons), MBBS, FRACP
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):232-237.

A new simulation model for skin abscess identification and management. 
Heiner JD.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):238-41.

Competence Testing

A comparison of global rating scale and checklist scores in the validation of an evaluation tool to assess performance in the resuscitation of critically ill patients during simulated emergencies (abbreviated as "CRM simulator study IB").
Kim J, Neilipovitz D, Cardinal P, Chiu M.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):6-16.

Developing a successful nursing Objective Structured Clinical Examination. 
McWilliam P, Botwinski C.
J Nurs Educ. 2010 Jan;49(1):36-41.

Development and validation of a cardiac findings checklist for use with simulator-based assessments of cardiac physical examination competence. 
Hatala R, Scalese RJ, Cole G, Bacchus M, Kassen B, Issenberg SB.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):17-21.

Effect of a Simulation Educational Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude, and Patient Transfer Skills: From the Simulation Laboratory to the Clinical Setting. 
O'donnell JM, Goode JS Jr, Henker R, Kelsey S, Bircher NG, Peele P, Bradle J, Close J, Engberg R, Sutton-Tyrrell K.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Apr;6(2):84-93.

Evaluation of medical student performance on objective structured clinical exams with standardized patients with and without disabilities.
Brown RS, Graham CL, Richeson N, Wu J, McDermott S.
Acad Med. 2010 Nov;85(11):1766-71.

An evaluation of observed structural clinical examinations.
Rouse J.
Paediatr Nurs. 2010 Sep;22(7):26-30.

The impact of repeat information on examinee performance for a large-scale standardized-patient examination. 
Swygert KA, Balog KP, Jobe A.
Acad Med. 2010 Sep;85(9):1506-10.

An Objective Standardized Clinical Examination (OSCE) in an advanced nonprescription medicines course. 
Hastings JK, Flowers SK, Pace AC, Spadaro D.
Am J Pharm Educ. 2010 Aug 10;74(6):98.

Quality assurance best practices for simulation-based examinations
Gail E. Furman, PhD, MSN; Sydney Smee, PhD; Crystal Wilson, Med
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):226-231.

A technical and cognitive skills evaluation of performance in interventional cardiology procedures using medical simulation. 
Lipner RS, Messenger JC, Kangilaski R, Baim DS, Holmes DR Jr, Williams DO, King SB 3rd.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):65-74.

Can unannounced standardized patients assess professionalism and communication skills in the emergency department? 
Zabar S, Ark T, Gillespie C, Hsieh A, Kalet A, Kachur E, Manko J, Regan L.
Acad Emerg Med. 2009 Sep;16(9):915-8. Epub 2009 Aug 10.

Haptics

Accurate visual and haptic burring surgery simulation based on a volumetric model. 
Tsai MD, Hsieh MS.
J Xray Sci Technol. 2010 Jan 1;18(1):69-85.

Developing a realistic model for the training of the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication 
Botden, Sanne M.B.I. MD; Goossens, Richard PhD; Jakimowicz, Jack J. PhD, MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):173-178

Development and face validity testing of a three-dimensional myringotomy simulator with haptic feedback. 
Sowerby LJ, Rehal G, Husein M, Doyle PC, Agrawal S, Ladak HM.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Apr;39(2):122-9.

The effect of haptic guidance, aging, and initial skill level on motor learning of a steering task. 
Marchal-Crespo L, McHughen S, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ.
Exp Brain Res. 2010 Mar;201(2):209-20.

Efficient visual recalibration from either visual or haptic feedback: the importance of being wrong. 
Adams WJ, Kerrigan IS, Graf EW.
J Neurosci. 2010 Nov 3;30(44):14745-9.

Haptic devices as a paradigm to enhance learning/function--theory and empirical studies. 
Repperger DW, Phillips CA.
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2010 Jan;5(2):97-107.

Modeling, simulation, and optimal initiation planning for needle insertion into the liver. 
Sharifi Sedeh R, Ahmadian MT, Janabi-Sharifi F.
J Biomech Eng. 2010 Apr;132(4):041001.

A novel actuator for simulation of epidural anesthesia and other needle insertion procedures. 
Magill, John C. PhD; Byl, Marten F. PhD; Hinds, Michael F. BS; Agassounon, William PhD; Pratt, Stephen D. MD; Hess, Philip E. MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):179-184

Preliminary assessment of faculty and student perception of a haptic virtual reality simulator for training dental manual dexterity. 
Gal GB, Weiss EI, Gafni N, Ziv A.
J Dent Educ. 2011 Apr;75(4):496-504.

Topology modification for surgical simulation using precomputed finite element models based on linear elasticity. 
Lee B, Popescu DC, Ourselin S.
Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2010 Dec;103(2-3):236-51. Epub 2010 Oct 25.

VI.3. Rehabilitation robotics. 
Munih M, Bajd T.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;152:353-66.

Virtual reality simulator for the training of lumbar punctures. 
Färber M, Hummel F, Gerloff C, Handels H.
Methods Inf Med. 2009;48(5):493-501. Epub 2009 May 15.

High Fidelity Simulation and Assessment

Adding emotional stressors to training in simulated cardiopulmonary arrest enhances participant performance. 
Demaria S Jr, Bryson EO, Mooney TJ, Silverstein JH, Reich DL, Bodian C, Levine AI.
Med Educ. 2010 Oct;44(10):1006-15.

Affordable simulation for small-scale training and assessment. 
Edler AA, Chen M, Honkanen A, Hackel A, Golianu B.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):112-5.

Assessing continued competency through simulation: A call for stringent action. 
Decker S, Utterback VA, Thomas MB, Mitchell M, Sportsman S.
Nurs Educ Perspect. 2011 Mar-Apr;32(2):120-5.

Checking it twice: an evaluation of checklists for detecting medication errors at the bedside using a chemotherapy model. 
White RE, Trbovich PL, Easty AC, Savage P, Trip K, Hyland S.
Qual Saf Health Care. 2010 Dec;19(6):562-7. Epub 2010 Aug 19.

Comparison of intubation success of video laryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy in the difficult airway using high-fidelity simulation. 
Narang AT, Oldeg PF, Medzon R, Mahmood AR, Spector JA, Robinett DA.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Fall;4(3):160-5.

Design, implementation, and psychometric analysis of a scoring instrument for simulated pediatric resuscitation: a report from the EXPRESS pediatric investigators. 
Donoghue A, Ventre K, Boulet J, Brett-Fleegler M, Nishisaki A, Overly F, Cheng A; EXPRESS Pediatric Simulation Research Investigators.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Apr;6(2):71-7.

The effect of high-fidelity simulation on educational outcomes in an advanced cardiovascular life support course. 
Rodgers DL, Securro S Jr, Pauley RD.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Winter;4(4):200-6.

An exploration of the relationship between knowledge and performance-related variables in high-fidelity simulation: designing instruction that promotes expertise in practice. 
Hauber RP, Cormier E, Whyte J 4th.
Nurs Educ Perspect. 2010 Jul-Aug;31(4):242-6.

Exploratory randomized controlled trial of hybrid obstetric simulation training for undergraduate students
Dimitrios Siassakos, MSc, MRCOG Cert.Med.Ed, DLSHTM; Timothy Draycott, MD, MRCOG; Katherine O'Brien, MRCOG; Charlotte Kenyon, BMBS; Christine Bartlett, RM; Robert Fox, MD, FRCOG
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):193-198.

A framework for designing, implementing, and sustaining a national simulation network: building incentive-based network structures and iterative processes for long-term success: the case of the Medical Council of Canada's Qualifying Examination, Part II. 
Dauphinee WD, Reznick R.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Apr;6(2):94-100.

High-fidelity medical simulation as a technique to improve pediatric residents' emergency airway management and teamwork: a pilot study. 
Sudikoff SN, Overly FL, Shapiro MJ.
Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009 Oct;25(10):651-6.

High-fidelity nursing simulation: impact on student self-confidence and clinical competence. 
Blum CA, Borglund S, Parcells D.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh. 2010;7(1):Article 18. Epub 2010 Jun 3.

High-fidelity patient simulation: considerations for effective learning. 
Garrett B, MacPhee M, Jackson C.
Nurs Educ Perspect. 2010 Sep-Oct;31(5):309-13.

A hyperelastic finite-element model of human skin for interactive real-time surgical simulation. 
Lapeer RJ, Gasson PD, Karri V.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2011 Apr;58(4):1013-22. Epub 2010 Feb 17.

The impact of prolonged continuous wakefulness on resident clinical performance in the intensive care unit: a patient simulator study. 
Sharpe R, Koval V, Ronco JJ, Dodek P, Wong H, Shepherd J, Fitzgeral JM, Ayas NT.
Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar; 38(3):766-70.

Incomplete adherence to the ASA difficult airway algorithm is unchanged after a high-fidelity simulation session. 
Borges BC, Boet S, Siu LW, Bruppacher HR, Naik VN, Riem N, Joo HS.
Can J Anaesth. 2010 Jul;57(7):644-9. Epub 2010 May 4.

Large group high-fidelity simulation enhances medical student learning. 
Heitz C, Brown A, Johnson JE, Fitch MT.
Med Teach. 2009 May;31(5):e206-10.

A low-cost simulator for learning to manage postpartum hemorrhage in rural Africa. 
Perosky J, Richter R, Rybak O, Gans-Larty F, Mensah MA, Danquah A, Debpuur D, Kolbilla D, Ofosu A, Anderson F, Marzano D, Andreatta P.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):42-7.

A new approach to clinical remediation. 
Lynn MC, Twigg RD.
J Nurs Educ. 2011 Mar;50(3):172-5. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20101230-12. Epub 2010 Dec 30.

Nontechnical Skills Assessment After Simulation-Based Continuing Medical Education. 
Morgan PJ, Kurrek MM, Bertram S, Leblanc V, Przybyszewski T.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Jun 2.

A novel critical skills curriculum for surgical interns incorporating simulation training improves readiness for acute inpatient care. 
Antonoff MB, Shelstad RC, Schmitz C, Chipman J, D'Cunha J.
J Surg Educ. 2009 Sept-Oct;66(5):248-54.

Perception of realism during mock resuscitations by pediatric housestaff: the impact of simulated physical features. 
Donoghue AJ, Durbin DR, Nadel FM, Stryjewski GR, Kost SI, Nadkarni VM.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):16-20.

Quality assurance best practices for simulation-based examinations. 
Furman GE, Smee S, Wilson C.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):226-31.

A randomized controlled trial of the impact of simulation-based training on resident performance during a simulated obstetric anesthesia emergency. 
Scavone BM, Toledo P, Higgins N, Wojciechowski K, McCarthy RJ.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):320-4.

The S.T.A.B. trial-standardized testing of artificial blood: a comparative study of various products that may be used as artificial blood for high fidelity simulation training in the critical care setting. 
Fahy SD, Host D, Campher D, Tomczak L, Vidhani K, Higgs M, Barnett A, Ziegenfuss M, Foot C.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):54-9.

Simulating Capnography in Software on the METI Emergency Care Simulator. 
Liu D, Jenkins S.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Winter;4(4):223-7.

Simulation for teaching normal delivery and shoulder dystocia to midwives in training. 
Reynolds A, Ayres-de-Campos D, Pereira-Cavaleiro A, Ferreira-Bastos L.
Educ Health (Abingdon). 2010 Nov;23(3):405. Epub 2010 Oct 20.

A simulation model for the ultrasound diagnosis of long-bone fractures. 
Heiner JD, McArthur TJ.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Winter;4(4):228-31.

Simulation-based assessment and the regulation of healthcare professionals. 
Holmboe E, Rizzolo MA, Sachdeva AK, Rosenberg M, Ziv A.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S58-62.

A technical and cognitive skills evaluation of performance in interventional cardiology procedures using medical simulation. 
Lipner RS, Messenger JC, Kangilaski R, Baim DS, Holmes DR Jr, Williams DO, King SB 3rd.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):65-74.

Use of medical simulation to explore equipment failures and human-machine interactions in anesthesia machine pipeline supply crossover. 
Mudumbai SC, Fanning R, Howard SK, Davies MF, Gaba DM.
Anesth Analg. 2010 May 1;110(5):1292-6.

Using elements from an acute abdominal pain Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) leads to more standardized grading in the surgical clerkship for third-year medical students. 
Falcone JL, Schenarts KD, Ferson PF, Day HD.
J Surg Educ. 2011 Sep-Oct;68(5):408-13. Epub 2011 Jul 8.

In-situ Simulation

In situ simulation for systems testing in newly constructed perinatal facilities. 
Bender GJ.
Semin Perinatol. 2011 Apr;35(2):80-3.

In situ simulation comparing in-hospital first responder sudden cardiac arrest resuscitation using semiautomated defibrillators and automated external defibrillators. 
Kobayashi L, Dunbar-Viveiros JA, Sheahan BA, Rezendes MH, Devine J, Cooper MR, Martin PB, Jay GD.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):82-90.

The use of in situ simulation to evaluate teamwork and system organization during a pediatric dental clinic emergency. 
Brooks-Buza H, Fernandez R, Stenger JP.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Apr;6(2):101-8.

Using in situ simulation to improve in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation. 
Lighthall GK, Poon T, Harrison TK.
Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2010 May;36(5):209-16.

Mannequin-based Simulation

Advanced wilderness life support education using high-technology patient simulation.
Lareau SA, Kyzer BD, Hawkins SC, McGinnis HD.
Wilderness Environ Med. 2010 Jun;21(2):166-170.e2.

Clinicians can accurately assign apgar scores to video recordings of simulated neonatal resuscitations.
Izhak Nadler, MSc; Helen G. Liley, MBChB, FRACP; Penelope M. Sanderson, PhD, FASSA
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):204-212.

A controllable patient monitor for classroom video projectors. 
Lighthall GK, Harrison TK.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):58-60.

Fear of causing harm: use of mannequin-based simulation to decrease student anxiety prior to interacting with female teaching associates. 
Pugh CM, Obadina ET, Aidoo KA.
Teach Learn Med. 2009 Apr-Jun;21(2):116-20.

Managing the deteriorating patient in a simulated environment: nursing students' knowledge, skill and situation awareness. 
Cooper S, Kinsman L, Buykx P, McConnell-Henry T, Endacott R, Scholes J.
J Clin Nurs. 2010 Aug;19(15-16):2309-18.

Neuro-critical care skills training using a human patient simulator. 
Musacchio MJ Jr, Smith AP, McNeal CA, Munoz L, Rothenberg DM, von Roenn KA, Byrne RW.
Neurocrit Care. 2010 Oct;13(2):169-75.

Sedation training using a human patient simulator. 
Hofmann N, Datz C, Schöchl H.
Digestion. 2010;82(2):115-7. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Simulation-based learning in nurse education: systematic review. 
Cant RP, Cooper SJ.
J Adv Nurs. 2010 Jan;66(1):3-15.

Simulator may reduce deaths from childbirth. 
Brown, David.
The Washington Post, July 6, 2010; E1.

Process Modeling

Development of a simulation environment to study emergency department information technology. 
Pennathur PR, Cao D, Sui Z, Lin L, Bisantz AM, Fairbanks RJ, Guarrera TK, Brown JL, Perry SJ, Wears RL.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):103-11.

How work context affects operating room processes: using data mining and computer simulation to analyze facility and process design. 
Baumgart A, Denz C, Bender HJ, Schleppers A.
Qual Manag Health Care. 2009 Oct-Dec;18(4):305-14.

Literature review: instructional design and pedagogy science in healthcare simulation. 
Schaefer JJ 3rd, Vanderbilt AA, Cason CL, Bauman EB, Glavin RJ, Lee FW, Navedo DD.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S30-41.

A path to better healthcare simulation systems: leveraging the integrated systems design approach. 
Scerbo MW, Murray WB, Alinier G, Antonius T, Caird J, Stricker E, Rice J, Kyle R.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S20-3.

Teaching emergency medical services management skills using a computer simulation exercise. 
Hubble MW, Richards ME, Wilfong D.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):25-33.

Testing with simulation before a big move at Women & Infants Hospital. 
Bender J, Shields R, Kennally K.
Med Health R I. 2010 May;93(5):145, 149-50.

Use of clinical simulation centers in health professions schools for patient-centered research. 
Nickman NA, Haak SW, Kim J.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):295-302.

Research

Assessment of clinical competence of medical students using the objective structured clinical examination: first 2 years' experience in Taipei Veterans General Hospital. 
Huang CC, Chan CY, Wu CL, Chen YL, Yang HW, Huang CC, Chen CH, Huang WJ, Lee FY, Lin SJ, Chen JW.
J Chin Med Assoc. 2010 Nov;73(11):589-95.

Computer-assisted learning and simulation systems in dentistry--a challenge to society. 
Welk A, Splieth Ch, Wierinck E, Gilpatrick RO, Meyer G.
Int J Comput Dent. 2006 Jul;9(3):253-65.

Corrected and improved model for educational simulation of neonatal cardiovascular pathophysiology. 
Zijlmans M, S´┐Ż-Couto CD, van Meurs WL, Goodwin JA, Andriessen P.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):49-53.

Defining systems expertise: effective simulation at the organizational level--implications for patient safety, disaster surge capacity, and facilitating the systems interface. 
Kaji AH, Bair A, Okuda Y, Kobayashi L, Khare R, Vozenilek J.
Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Nov;15(11):1098-103. Epub 2008 Aug 20.

Design, Implementation, and Psychometric Analysis of a Scoring Instrument for Simulated Pediatric Resuscitation: A Report from the EXPRESS Pediatric Investigators. 
Donoghue A, Ventre K, Boulet J, Brett-Fleegler M, Nishisaki A, Overly F, Cheng A.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb 25.

Effect of a simulated patient-based educational program on the quality of medical encounters at military recruitment centers 
Farfel A, Hardoff D, Afek A, Ziv A.
Isr Med Assoc J. 2010 Aug;12(8):455-9.

Effects of simulation versus traditional tutorial-based training on physiologic stress levels among clinicians: a pilot study. 
Bong CL, Lightdale JR, Fredette ME, Weinstock P.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):272-8.

An electromechanical based deformable model for soft tissue simulation. 
Zhong Y, Shirinzadeh B, Smith J, Gu C.
Artif Intell Med. 2009 Nov;47(3):275-88. Epub 2009 Oct 9.

Improving the quality of care of veterans with diabetes. A simulation intervention for psychiatric nurses. 
Wynn SD.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2011 Feb;49(2):38-43.

Leadership in Medical Emergencies Depends on Gender and Personality. 
Streiff S, Tschan F, Hunziker S, Buehlmann C, Semmer NK, Hunziker P, Marsch S.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb 25.

Medical simulation topic interests in a pediatric healthcare system. 
Deutsch ES, Olivieri JJ, Hossain J, Sobolewski HL.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):289-94.

Real models and virtual simulators in otolaryngology: review of literature. 
Nogueira J´┐Żnior JF, Cruz DN.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Feb;76(1):129-35.

Research regarding debriefing as part of the learning process. 
Raemer D, Anderson M, Cheng A, Fanning R, Nadkarni V, Savoldelli G.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S52-7.

Said another way: asking the right questions regarding the effectiveness of simulations. 
Goodman WM, Lamers A.
Nurs Forum. 2010 Oct-Dec;45(4):246-52.

Simulation: can it eliminate failure to rescue? 
Cooper S, Buykx P, McConnell-Henry T, Kinsman L, McDermott S.
Nurs Times. 2011 Jan 25-31;107(3):18-20.

Simulation-based objective assessment discerns clinical proficiency in central line placement: a construct validation. 
Dong Y, Suri HS, Cook DA, Kashani KB, Mullon JJ, Enders FT, Rubin O, Ziv A, Dunn WF.
Chest. 2010 May;137(5):1050-6. Epub 2010 Jan 8.

A simulator for teaching transrectal ultrasound procedures: how useful and realistic is it? 
Persoon MC, Schout B, Martens EJ, Tjiam IM, Tielbeek AV, Scherpbier AJ, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJ.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):311-4.

The study of factors affecting human and systems performance in healthcare using simulation. 
LeBlanc VR, Manser T, Weinger MB, Musson D, Kutzin J, Howard SK.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S24-9.

Theory-based research of high fidelity simulation use in nursing education: a review of the literature. 
Rourke L, Schmidt M, Garga N.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh. 2010;7(1):Article11. Epub 2010 Mar 27.

Research - Comparative Effectivness

A 1-week simulated internship course helps prepare medical students for transition to residency. 
Laack TA, Newman JS, Goyal DG, Torsher LC.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Jun;5(3):127-32.

Assessing the impact of immersive simulation on clinical performance during actual in-hospital cardiac arrest with CPR-sensing technology: A randomized feasibility study. 
Weidman EK, Bell G, Walsh D, Small S, Edelson DP.
Resuscitation. 2010 Nov;81(11):1556-61. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Comparing the standardized live trauma patient and the mechanical simulator models in the ATLS initial assessment station. 
Ali J, Dunn J, Eason M, Drumm J.
J Surg Res. 2010 Jul;162(1):7-10. Epub 2010 Mar 19.

Comparison of Checklist and Anchored Global Rating Instruments for Performance Rating of Simulated Pediatric Emergencies. 
Adler MD, Vozenilek JA, Trainor JL, Eppich WJ, Wang EE, Beaumont JL, Aitchison PR, Pribaz PJ, Erickson T, Edison M, McGaghie WC.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):18-24.

A comparison of medical students' self-reported empathy with simulated patients' assessments of the students' empathy. 
Berg K, Majdan JF, Berg D, Veloski J, Hojat M.
Med Teach. 2011;33(5):388-91.

Comparison of postsimulation debriefing versus in-simulation debriefing in medical simulation. 
Van Heukelom JN, Begaz T, Treat R.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):91-7.

Computerized navigation for surgery of the lower jaw: comparison of 2 navigation systems. 
Casap N, Wexler A, Eliashar R.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008 Jul;66(7):1467-75.

A concept for major incident triage: full-scaled simulation feasibility study. 
Rehn M, Andersen JE, Vigerust T, Kr´┐Żger AJ, Lossius HM.
BMC Emerg Med. 2010 Aug 11;10:17.

Curriculum changes in preclinical laboratory education with virtual reality-based technology training.
Maggio MP, Buchanan JA, Berthold P, Gottlieb R.
J Dent Educ. 2005 Jan;69(1):160-1.

The Effect of Simulation on Clinical Performance: A Junior Nursing Student Clinical Comparison Study. 
Meyer MN, Connors H, Hou Q, Gajewski B.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Jul 21.

Effects of simulation versus traditional tutorial-based training on physiologic stress levels among clinicians: a pilot study. 
Bong CL, Lightdale JR, Fredette ME, Weinstock P.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):272-8.

Evaluation of a web-based interactive heart failure patient simulation: a pilot study. 
Wu R, Greutmann-Yantiri M, Gershon A, Ross H.
Can J Cardiol. 2011 May-Jun;27(3):369-75. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

An evaluation of two dental simulation systems: virtual reality versus contemporary non-computer-assisted. 
Jasinevicius TR, Landers M, Nelson S, Urbankova A.
J Dent Educ. 2004 Nov;68(11):1151-62.

Exploratory randomized controlled trial of hybrid obstetric simulation training for undergraduate students. 
Siassakos D, Draycott T, O'brien K, Kenyon C, Bartlett C, Fox R.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):193-8.

EXPRESS-Examining Pediatric Resuscitation Education Using Simulation and Scripting: The Birth of an International Pediatric Simulation Research Collaborative-From Concept to Reality. 
Cheng A, Hunt EA, Donoghue A, Nelson K, Leflore J, Anderson J, Eppich W, Simon R, Rudolph J, Nadkarni V; for the EXPRESS Pediatric Simulation Research Investigators.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):34-41.

The first Research Consensus Summit of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare: conduction and a synthesis of the results. 
Dieckmann P, Phero JC, Issenberg SB, Kardong-Edgren S, Ostergaard D, Ringsted C.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S1-9.

Impact of simulation-based learning on medication error rates in critically ill patients. 
Ford DG, Seybert AL, Smithburger PL, Kobulinsky LR, Samosky JT, Kane-Gill SL.
Intensive Care Med. 2010 Sep;36(9):1526-31. Epub 2010 Mar 19.

Improved fourth-year medical student clinical decision-making performance as a resuscitation team leader after a simulation-based curriculum. 
Ten Eyck RP, Tews M, Ballester JM, Hamilton GC.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Jun;5(3):139-45.

In situ simulation comparing in-hospital first responder sudden cardiac arrest resuscitation using semiautomated defibrillators and automated external defibrillators. 
Kobayashi L, Dunbar-Viveiros JA, Sheahan BA, Rezendes MH, Devine J, Cooper MR, Martin PB, Jay GD.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):82-90.

Inter-rater reliability of manual muscle strength testing in ICU survivors and simulated patients. 
Fan E, Ciesla ND, Truong AD, Bhoopathi V, Zeger SL, Needham DM.
Intensive Care Med. 2010 Jun;36(6):1038-43. Epub 2010 Mar 6.

Online learning versus simulation for teaching principles of mechanical ventilation to nurse practitioner students. 
Corbridge SJ, Robinson FP, Tiffen J, Corbridge TC.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh. 2010;7(1):Article12. Epub 2010 Apr 1.

Precision of flapless implant placement using real-time surgical navigation: a case series. 
Elian N, Jalbout ZN, Classi AJ, Wexler A, Sarment D, Tarnow DP.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2008 Nov-Dec;23(6):1123-7.

Prospective randomized trial of simulation versus didactic teaching for obstetrical emergencies. 
Daniels K, Arafeh J, Clark A, Waller S, Druzin M, Chueh J.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):40-5.

Randomized controlled trial of high fidelity patient simulators compared to actor patients in a pandemic influenza drill scenario. 
Wallace D, Gillett B, Wright B, Stetz J, Arquilla B.
Resuscitation. 2010 Jul;81(7):872-6. Epub 2010 Apr 15.

A randomized controlled trial of the impact of simulation-based training on resident performance during a simulated obstetric anesthesia emergency. 
Scavone BM, Toledo P, Higgins N, Wojciechowski K, McCarthy RJ.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):320-4.

Reinforcement learning versus proportional-integral-derivative control of hypnosis in a simulated intraoperative patient. 
Moore BL, Quasny TM, Doufas AG.
Anesth Analg. 2011 Feb;112(2):350-9. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

Research regarding debriefing as part of the learning process. 
Raemer D, Anderson M, Cheng A, Fanning R, Nadkarni V, Savoldelli G.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S52-7.

Resident training for eclampsia and magnesium toxicity management: simulation or traditional lecture? 
Fisher N, Bernstein PS, Satin A, Pardanani S, Heo H, Merkatz IR, Goffman D.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Oct;203(4):379.e1-5. Epub 2010 Aug 5.

Simulated practice--a panacea for health education? 
Valler-Jones T, Meechan R, Jones H.
Br J Nurs. 2011 May 27-Jun 9;20(10):628-31.

Simulation training and its effect on long-term resident performance in central venous catheterization. 
Smith CC, Huang GC, Newman LR, Clardy PF, Feller-Kopman D, Cho M, Ennacheril T, Schwartzstein RM.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Jun;5(3):146-51.

Simulation training improves diagnostic performance on a real patient with similar clinical findings. 
Fraser K, Wright B, Girard L, Tworek J, Paget M, Welikovich L, McLaughlin K.
Chest. 2011 Feb;139(2):376-81. Epub 2010 Sep 9.

Skills training to support patients considering place of end-of-life care: a randomized control trial. 
Murray MA, Stacey D, Wilson KG, O'Connor AM.
J Palliat Care. 2010 Summer;26(2):112-21.

Student performance after receiving various types of training in preclinical laboratory.
Urbankova A, Graham MJ, Lichtenthal RM, Hadavi F.
J Dent Educ. 2005 Jan;69(1):157.

The study of factors affecting human and systems performance in healthcare using simulation. 
LeBlanc VR, Manser T, Weinger MB, Musson D, Kutzin J, Howard SK.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S24-9.

Training oncology practitioners in communication skills. 
Baile WF.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2011 Oct;33 Suppl 2:S115-22.

Virtual reality triage training provides a viable solution for disaster-preparedness. 
Andreatta PB, Maslowski E, Petty S, Shim W, Marsh M, Hall T, Stern S, Frankel J.
Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Aug;17(8):870-6.

Research - Cost Effectiveness

Cost savings from reduced catheter-related bloodstream infection after simulation-based education for residents in a medical intensive care unit. 
Cohen ER, Feinglass J, Barsuk JH, Barnard C, O'Donnell A, McGaghie WC, Wayne DB.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):98-102.

Design considerations for healthcare simulation facilities. 
Seropian M, Lavey R.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):338-45.

Simulation to Assess the Safety of New Healthcare Teams and New Facilities. 
Geis GL, Pio B, Pendergrass TL, Moyer MR, Patterson MD.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Mar 4.

Simulation Education

A 1-week simulated internship course helps prepare medical students for transition to residency. 
Laack, Torrey A. MD; Newman, James S. MD; Goyal, Deepi G. MD; Torsher, Laurence C. MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):127-132

The 3D model of debriefing: defusing, discovering, and deepening. 
Zigmont JJ, Kappus LJ, Sudikoff SN.
Semin Perinatol. 2011 Apr;35(2):52-8.

Affordable simulation for small-scale training and assessment. 
Edler AA, Chen M, Honkanen A, Hackel A, Golianu B.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):112-5.

Application of a low-cost web-based simulation to improve students' practical skills in medical education. 
Moreno-Ger P, Torrente J, Bustamante J, Fern´┐Żndez-Galaz C, Fern´┐Żndez-Manj´┐Żn B, Comas-Rengifo MD.
Int J Med Inform. 2010 Jun;79(6):459-67. Epub 2010 Mar 29.

The art and science of debriefing in simulation: Ideal and practice. 
Dieckmann P, Molin Friis S, Lippert A, Ostergaard D.
Med Teach. 2009 Jul;31(7):e287-94.

Assessing patient-centered care: one approach to health disparities education. 
Wilkerson L, Fung CC, May W, Elliott D.
J Gen Intern Med. 2010 May;25 Suppl 2:S86-90.

Assessment of patient simulation use in selected baccalaureate nursing programs in the United States. 
Katz GB, Peifer KL, Armstrong G.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):46-51.

The BELIEF Instrument: a preclinical teaching tool to elicit patients' health beliefs. 
Dobbie AE, Medrano M, Tysinger J, Olney C.
Fam Med. 2003 May;35(5):316-9.

Broadcasting simulation case studies to the didactic classroom. 
Kalmakis KA, Cunningham H, Lamoureux ET, Ahmed EM.
Nurse Educ. 2010 Nov-Dec;35(6):264-7.

Clinical simulation as an instructional strategy for animating the clinical nurse framework. 
Lambton J.
J Prof Nurs. 2010 May-Jun;26(3):176-81.

Clinical simulation: a better way of learning?
Haidar E.
Nurs Manag (Harrow). 2009 Sep;16(5):22-3.

Collaborative simulation project to teach scope of practice. 
Simones J, Wilcox J, Scott K, Goeden D, Copley D, Doetkott R, Kippley M.
J Nurs Educ. 2010 Apr;49(4):190-7.

Comparison of checklist and anchored global rating instruments for performance rating of simulated pediatric emergencies. 
Adler MD, Vozenilek JA, Trainor JL, Eppich WJ, Wang EE, Beaumont JL, Aitchison PR, Pribaz PJ, Erickson T, Edison M, McGaghie WC.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):18-24.

Constructing maternal-child learning experiences using clinical simulations. 
Jeffries PR, Bambini D, Hensel D, Moorman M, Washburn J.
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2009 Sep-Oct;38(5):613-23.

Debriefing in simulated-based learning: facilitating a reflective discussion. 
Arafeh JM, Hansen SS, Nichols A.
J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2010 Oct-Dec;24(4):302-9; quiz 310-1.

Development and implementation of a team-centered shoulder dystocia protocol
William A. Grobman, MD, MBA; Abby Hornbogen, RN; Carol Burke, RNC, APN; Robert Costello, MBA
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):199-203.

Development of simulation scenarios for an adolescent patient with diabetic ketoacidosis. 
J Nurs Educ. 2010 Oct;49(10):578-86.

Direct teaching of thinking skills using clinical simulation. 
Su WM, Juestel MJ.
Nurse Educ. 2010 Sep-Oct;35(5):197-204.

Early bedside care during preclinical medical education: can technology-enhanced patient simulation advance the Flexnerian ideal? 
Gordon JA, Hayden EM, Ahmed RA, Pawlowski JB, Khoury KN, Oriol NE.
Acad Med. 2010 Feb;85(2):0-7.

Effect of a simulation educational intervention on knowledge, attitude, and patient transfer skills: from the simulation laboratory to the clinical setting. 
O'Donnell JM, Goode JS Jr, Henker R, Kelsey S, Bircher NG, Peele P, Bradle J, Close J, Engberg R, Sutton-Tyrrell K.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Apr;6(2):84-93.

Expanding simulation to teach family nursing.
Eggenberger SK, Regan M.
J Nurs Educ. 2010 Oct;49(10):550-8.

High-fidelity simulation and emergency preparedness. 
Morrison AM, Catanzaro AM.
Public Health Nurs. 2010 Mar;27(2):164-73.

Human patient simulation can aid staff training in non-invasive ventilation. 
McQueen S, Dickinson M, Pimblett M.
Nurs Times. 2010 Jul 6-12;106(26):20.

Implications for incorporating simulation in nursing education. 
Miller S.
J Pract Nurs. 2010 Fall;60(3):2-5.

Improved fourth-year medical student clinical decision-making performance as a resuscitation team leader after a simulation-based curriculum. 
Ten Eyck, Raymond P. MD, MPH; Tews, Matthew DO; Ballester, John M. MD; Hamilton, Glenn C. MD, MSM
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):139-145

Incorporating simulation into a residency curriculum. 
Takayesu JK, Nadel ES, Bhatia K, Walls RM.
CJEM. 2010 Jul;12(4):349-53.

Introducing nursing students to pediatric end-of-life issues using simulation. 
Lindsay J.
Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2010 Jul-Aug;29(4):175-8.

Literature review: instructional design and pedagogy science in healthcare simulation. 
Schaefer JJ 3rd, Vanderbilt AA, Cason CL, Bauman EB, Glavin RJ, Lee FW, Navedo DD.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S30-41.

Longitudinal development of medical students' communication skills in interpreted encounters. 
Lie DA, Bereknyei S, Vega CP.
Educ Health (Abingdon). 2010 Nov;23(3):466.

Long-term educational impact of a simulator curriculum on medical student education in an internal medicine clerkship. 
Brim NM, Venkatan SK, Gordon JA, Alexander EK.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Apr;5(2):75-81.

Looking in the mirror: self-debriefing versus instructor debriefing for simulated crises. 
Boet S, Bould MD, Bruppacher HR, Desjardins F, Chandra DB, Naik VN.
Crit Care Med. 2011 Jun;39(6):1377-81.

Narrative pedagogy and simulation: future directions for nursing education. 
Walsh M.
Nurse Educ Pract. 2011 May;11(3):216-9. Epub 2010 Nov 11.

National growth in simulation training within emergency medicine residency programs, 2003-2008. 
Okuda Y, Bond W, Bonfante G, McLaughlin S, Spillane L, Wang E, Vozenilek J, Gordon JA.
Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Nov;15(11):1113-6. Epub 2008 Aug 20.

Neonatal care at the moment of birth: using simulation to prepare the nurse. 
Raines DA.
Adv Neonatal Care. 2010 Aug;10(4):176-81.

New graduate nurses' perceptions of the effects of clinical simulation on their critical thinking, learning, and confidence.
Kaddoura MA.
J Contin Educ Nurs. 2010 Nov;41(11):506-16.

Nonoperative management of solid organ injury diminishes surgical resident operative experience: is it time for simulation training? 
Bittner JG 4th, Hawkins ML, Medeiros RS, Beatty JS, Atteberry LR, Ferdinand CH, Mellinger JD.
J Surg Res. 2010 Oct;163(2):179-85. Epub 2010 Jun 13.

A path to better healthcare simulation systems: leveraging the integrated systems design approach. 
Scerbo MW, Murray WB, Alinier G, Antonius T, Caird J, Stricker E, Rice J, Kyle R.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S20-3.

Perspective: authentic patient perspectives in simulations for procedural and surgical skills. 
Nestel D, Kneebone R.
Acad Med. 2010 May;85(5):889-93.

The pharmacology of simulation: a conceptual framework to inform progress in simulation research. 
Weinger MB.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):8-15.

The power of pretend: using simulation to teach end-of-life care. 
Sperlazza E, Cangelosi PR.
Nurse Educ. 2009 Nov-Dec;34(6):276-80.

Preparing the novice critical care nurse: a community-wide collaboration using the benefits of simulation. 
Stefanski RR, Rossler KL.
J Contin Educ Nurs. 2009 Oct;40(10):443-51; quiz 452-3. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20090923-03.

Residents' attitudes about the introduction of a surgical skills simulation laboratory. 
Hagen SS, Ferguson KJ, Sharp WJ, Adam LA.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):28-32.

School nurse survival: reviewing clinical skills in the simulation laboratory. 
McKee S, Bultas M, Ahearn T.
NASN Sch Nurse. 2011 Jul;26(4):250-6.

Simulation as an orientation strategy for new nurse graduates: an integrative review of the evidence. 
Olejniczak EA, Schmidt NA, Brown JM.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):52-7.

Simulation in ENT medical education. 
Abou-Elhamd KE, Al-Sultan AI, Rashad UM.
J Laryngol Otol. 2010 Mar;124(3):237-41. Epub 2009 Dec 3.

Simulation in graduate medical education 2008: a review for emergency medicine. 
McLaughlin S, Fitch MT, Goyal DG, Hayden E, Kauh CY, Laack TA, Nowicki T, Okuda Y, Palm K, Pozner CN, Vozenilek J, Wang E, Gordon JA; SAEM Technology in Medical Education Committee and the Simulation Interest Group.
Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Nov;15(11):1117-29. Epub 2008 Jul 14.

The "Simulation Roulette" Game. 
Frederick HJ, Corvetto MA, Hobbs GW, Taekman J.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Mar 4.

Simulation training and its effect on long-term resident performance in central venous catheterization. 
Christopher Smith, C. MD; Huang, Grace C. MD; Newman, Lori R. MEd; Clardy, Peter F. MD; Feller-Kopman, David MD; Cho, Michael MD; Ennacheril, Trustin MD; Schwartzstein, Richard M. MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):146-151

Simulation training for the frontline--realistic preparation for role 1 doctors. 
Mercer SJ, Howell M, Simpson R.
J R Army Med Corps. 2010 Jun;156(2):87-9.

Simulation training improves medical students' learning experiences when performing real vaginal deliveries. 
Dayal AK, Fisher N, Magrane D, Goffman D, Bernstein PS, Katz NT.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Fall;4(3):155-9.

Simulation-based teaching to improve cardiovascular exam skills performance among third-year medical students. 
Kern DH, Mainous AG 3rd, Carey M, Beddingfield A.
Teach Learn Med. 2011 Jan;23(1):15-20.

Simulation-based training in critical resuscitation procedures improves residents' competence. 
Langhan TS, Rigby IJ, Walker IW, Howes D, Donnon T, Lord JA.
CJEM. 2009 Nov;11(6):535-9.

Standardized patient practices: initial report on the survey of US and Canadian medical schools. 
Howley LD, Gliva-McConvey G, Thornton J; Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE).
Med Educ Online. 2009 Jun 29;14:7.

Theoretical foundations of learning through simulation. 
Zigmont JJ, Kappus LJ, Sudikoff SN.
Semin Perinatol. 2011 Apr;35(2):47-51.

Tools for direct observation and assessment of clinical skills of medical trainees: a systematic review. 
Kogan JR, Holmboe ES, Hauer KE.
JAMA. 2009 Sep 23;302(12):1316-26.

Turning simulation into reality: increasing student competence and confidence. 
Wagner D, Bear M, Sander J.
J Nurs Educ. 2009 Aug;48(8):465-7. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20090518-07. Epub 2009 May 28.

An unexpected diagnosis: simulation reveals unanticipated deficiencies in resident physician dysrhythmia knowledge. 
Spanos SL, Patterson M.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):21-3.

The use of simulation in the education of emergency care providers for cardiac emergencies. 
Okuda Y, Quinones J.
Int J Emerg Med. 2008 Jun;1(2):73-7. Epub 2008 Jun 5.

The use of simulation to teach clinical skills in obstetrics. 
Cass GK, Crofts JF, Draycott TJ.
Semin Perinatol. 2011 Apr;35(2):68-73.

Using learning outcomes to inform teaching practices in human patient simulation. 
Elfrink VL, Kirkpatrick B, Nininger J, Schubert C.
Nurs Educ Perspect. 2010 Mar-Apr;31(2):97-100

Using online exercises and patient simulation to improve students' clinical decision-making. 
Guhde J.
Nurs Educ Perspect. 2010 Nov-Dec;31(6):387-9.

Using simulation in clinical education. 
Forrest K, McKimm J.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2010 Jun;71(6):345-9.

Using simulation to enhance the acquisition and retention of clinical skills in neonatology. 
Anderson JM, Warren JB.
Semin Perinatol. 2011 Apr;35(2):59-67.

The utility of simulation in medical education: what is the evidence? 
Okuda Y, Bryson EO, DeMaria S Jr, Jacobson L, Quinones J, Shen B, Levine AI.
Mt Sinai J Med. 2009 Aug;76(4):330-43.

Walter Reed National Military Medical Center: simulation on the cutting edge. 
Murray JS.
Mil Med. 2010 Sep;175(9):659-63.

When things do not go as expected: scenario life savers.
Peter Dieckmann, PhD; Anne Lippert, MD; Ronnie Glavin, MD; Marcus Rall, MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):219-225.

Simulation Education - General (non-academic)

Building team and technical competency for obstetric emergencies: the mobile obstetric emergencies simulator (MOES) system. 
Deering S, Rosen MA, Salas E, King HB.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Fall;4(3):166-73.

Design considerations for healthcare simulation facilities. 
Seropian M, Lavey R.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):338-45.

Development of a standardized curriculum for teaching cystoscopic skills using a computer-based endourologic simulator. 
Gettman MT, Le CQ, Rangel LJ, Slezak JM, Bergstralh EJ, Krambeck AE.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Summer;4(2):92-7.

Health care takes the stage. 
Svoboda E.
Fast Company. 2010 May;(145):48.

How to integrate findings from simulation exercises to improve obstetrics care in the institution. 
Preston P, Lopez C, Corbett N.
Semin Perinatol. 2011 Apr;35(2):84-8.

Lost moon, saved lives: using the movie apollo 13 as a video primer in behavioral skills for simulation trainees and instructors. 
Halamek LP.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):303-10.

Using moulage to enhance educational instruction. 
Smith-Stoner M.
Nurse Educ. 2011 Jan-Feb;36(1):21-4.

Simulations using non-simulated technologies

Live defibrillation in simulation-based medical education--a survey of simulation center practices and attitudes. 
Turban JW, Peters DP, Berg BW.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):24-7.

A video-simulation study of the management of asthma exacerbations by physicians in India. 
Van Sickle D, Singh RB.
Clin Respir J. 2008 Apr;2(2):98-105.

Videotaped simulated interviews to improve medical students' skills in disclosing a diagnosis of cancer. 
Bonnaud-Antignac A, Campion L, Pottier P, Supiot S.
Psychooncology. 2010 Sep;19(9):975-81.

Standardized Patients

Actor training for surgical team simulations.
Kassab ES, King D, Hull LM, Arora S, Sevdalis N, Kneebone RL, Nestel D.
Med Teach. 2010;32(3):256-8.

The advantages and challenges of unannounced standardized patient methodology to assess healthcare communication. 
Siminoff LA, Rogers HL, Waller AC, Harris-Haywood S, Esptein RM, Carrio FB, Gliva-McConvey G, Longo DR.
Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Mar;82(3):318-24.

Anesthesiologist management of perioperative do-not-resuscitate orders: a simulation-based experiment. 
Waisel DB, Simon R, Truog RD, Baboolal H, Raemer DB.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Summer;4(2):70-6.

Assessment of a motivational interviewing curriculum for year 3 medical students using a standardized patient case. 
Haeseler F, Fortin AH 6th, Pfeiffer C, Walters C, Martino S.
Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Jul;84(1):27-30. Epub 2010 Nov 30.

Beyond Ockham's razor: redefining problem-solving in clinical sleep medicine using a "five-finger" approach. 
McCarty DE.
J Clin Sleep Med. 2010 Jun 15;6(3):292-6.

Can interactive skills-based seminars with standardized patients enhance clinicians' prevention skills? Measuring the impact of a CME program. 
Zabar S, Hanley K, Stevens DL, Ciotoli C, Hsieh A, Griesser C, Anderson M, Kalet A.
Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Aug;80(2):248-52. Epub 2010 Jan 6.

The case of "miss jacobs": adolescent simulated patients and the quality of their role playing, feedback, and personal impact. 
Bokken L, van Dalen J, Rethans JJ.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):315-9.

A complementary and alternative medicine workshop using standardized patients improves knowledge and clinical skills of medical students. 
Hoellein AR, Griffith CH 3rd, Lineberry MJ, Wilson JF, Haist SA.
Altern Ther Health Med. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):30-4.

A complex elder care simulation using improvisational actors. 
Paquette M, Bull M, Wilson S, Dreyfus L.
Nurse Educ. 2010 Nov-Dec;35(6):254-8.

Contextual errors and failures in individualizing patient care: a multicenter study. 
Weiner SJ, Schwartz A, Weaver F, Goldberg J, Yudkowsky R, Sharma G, Binns-Calvey A, Preyss B, Schapira MM, Persell SD, Jacobs E, Abrams RI.
Ann Intern Med. 2010 Jul 20;153(2):69-75.

Deconstructing proficiency in motivational interviewing: mechanics of skilful practitioner delivery during brief simulated encounters. 
Hartzler B, Beadnell B, Rosengren DB, Dunn C, Baer JS.
Behav Cogn Psychother. 2010 Oct;38(5):611-28. Epub 2010 Jul 9.

Defining responsibilities of simulated patients in medical education. 
Nestel, Debra PhD; Clark, Susan MA; Tabak, Diana MEd, SurgEd; Ashwell, Victoria MBBS; Muir, Elizabeth MRCP; Paraskevas, Paraskeva FRCS; Higham, Jenny FRCOG
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):161-168

ED simulation made 'real' with use of actors. 
[No authors listed]
ED Manag. 2010 Jul;22(7):80-1.

An educational intervention for contextualizing patient care and medical students' abilities to probe for contextual issues in simulated patients. 
Schwartz A, Weiner SJ, Harris IB, Binns-Calvey A.
JAMA. 2010 Sep 15;304(11):1191-7.

The effect of patient gynecologic history on clinician contraceptive counseling. 
Dehlendorf C, Ruskin R, Darney P, Vittinghoff E, Grumbach K, Steinauer J.
Contraception. 2010 Sep;82(3):281-5. Epub 2010 Mar 29.

The efficacy of visual cues to improve hand hygiene compliance. 
Nevo I, Fitzpatrick M, Thomas RE, Gluck PA, Lenchus JD, Arheart KL, Birnbach DJ.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):325-31.

Evaluating the effectiveness of rating instruments for a communication skills assessment of medical residents. 
Iramaneerat C, Myford CM, Yudkowsky R, Lowenstein T.
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2009 Oct;14(4):575-94. Epub 2008 Nov 5.

An evaluation of the usefulness of the standardized patient methodology in the assessment of surgery residents' communication skills. 
Wehbe-Janek H, Song J, Shabahang M.
J Surg Educ. 2011 May-Jun;68(3):172-7. Epub 2011 Jan 28.

The evaluation of training in patient-centred interviewing skills for psychiatric residents. 
Rimondini M, Del Piccolo L, Goss C, Mazzi M, Paccaloni M, Zimmermann C.
Psychol Med. 2010 Mar;40(3):467-76. Epub 2009 Jul 23.

Faculty as simulated patients (FSPs) in assessing medical students' clinical reasoning skills. 
Abdelkhalek NM, Hussein AM, Sulaiman N, Hamdy H.
Educ Health (Abingdon). 2009 Dec;22(3):323. Epub 2009 Nov 20.

How stressful is doctor-patient communication? Physiological and psychological stress of medical students in simulated history taking and bad-news consultations. 
Hulsman RL, Pranger S, Koot S, Fabriek M, Karemaker JM, Smets EM.
Int J Psychophysiol. 2010 Jul;77(1):26-34.

Human Emotion and Response in Surgery (HEARS): a simulation-based curriculum for communication skills, systems-based practice, and professionalism in surgical residency training. 
Larkin AC, Cahan MA, Whalen G, Hatem D, Starr S, Haley HL, Litwin D, Sullivan K, Quirk M.
J Am Coll Surg. 2010 Aug;211(2):285-92.

Human simulators and standardized patients to teach difficult conversations to interprofessional health care teams. 
Marken PA, Zimmerman C, Kennedy C, Schremmer R, Smith KV.
Am J Pharm Educ. 2010 Sep 10;74(7):120.

The impact of statistical adjustment on conditional standard errors of measurement in the assessment of physician communication skills. 
Raymond MR, Clauser BE, Furman GE.
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2010 Oct;15(4):587-600. Epub 2010 Feb 3.

Impact of the site specialty of a continuity practice on students' clinical skills: performance with standardized patients. 
Pfeiffer CA, Palley JE, Harrington KL.
Teach Learn Med. 2010 Jul;22(3):191-5.

The impact of traditional and smart pump infusion technology on nurse medication administration performance in a simulated inpatient unit. 
Trbovich PL, Pinkney S, Cafazzo JA, Easty AC.
Qual Saf Health Care. 2010 Oct;19(5):430-4. Epub 2010 Apr 27.

Improving residents' end-of-life communication skills with a short retreat: a randomized controlled trial. 
Szmuilowicz E, el-Jawahri A, Chiappetta L, Kamdar M, Block S.
J Palliat Med. 2010 Apr;13(4):439-52.

Innovative approach to teaching communication skills to nursing students. 
Zavertnik JE, Huff TA, Munro CL.
J Nurs Educ. 2010 Feb;49(2):65-71.

Instructiveness of real patients and simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a randomized experiment. 
Bokken L, Rethans JJ, Jobsis Q, Duvivier R, Scherpbier A, van der Vieuten C.
Acad Med. 2010 Jan;85(1):148-54.

An intervention to teach medical students ankle reflex examination skills. 
Josephson SA, Gillum LA.
Neurologist. 2010 May;16(3):196-8.

Is it good to express uncertainty to a patient? Correlates and consequences for medical students in a standardized patient visit. 
Blanch DC, Hall JA, Roter DL, Frankel RM.
Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Sep;76(3):300-6. Epub 2009 Jul 14.

Learning pelvic examination with professional patients. 
Shrestha S, Wijma B, Swahnberg K, Siwe K.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2010 Jan-Mar;49(177):68-75.

Medical students learning the pelvic examination: evaluation of a clinical patient model. 
Wånggren K, Pettersson G, Gemzell-Danielsson K.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2010 Oct;89(10):1304-9.

A method to quantify and compare clinicians' assessments of patient understanding during counseling of standardized patients. 
Farrell MH, Kuruvilla P, Eskra KL, Christopher SA, Brienza RS.
Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Oct;77(1):128-35. Epub 2009 Apr 19.

Mind the gap: Learners' perspectives on what they learn in communication compared to how they and others behave in the real world. 
Malhotra A, Gregory I, Darvill E, Goble E, Pryce-Roberts A, Lundberg K, Konradsen S, Hafstad H.
Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Sep;76(3):385-90. Epub 2009 Aug 11.

The moral aesthetics of simulated suffering in standardized patient performances. 
Taylor JS.
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2011 Jun;35(2):134-62.

A nationwide survey of standardized patients: who they are, what they do, and how they experience their work. 
Abe K, Roter D, Erby LH, Ban N.
Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Aug;84(2):261-4. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Observer-rated rapport in interactions between medical students and standardized patients. 
Hall JA, Roter DL, Blanch DC, Frankel RM.
Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Sep;76(3):323-7. Epub 2009 Jul 9.

The path to simulated learning: developing a valid and reliable tool to evaluate performance of radiological technology students in patient interactions. 
Gropper R, Harnett N, Parker K, Pearce S, MacIver D, Murray L, Ramsay L, Ripley A, Sands B, Zychla L.
J Allied Health. 2010 Spring;39(1):28-33.

Patient identification errors are common in a simulated setting. 
Henneman PL, Fisher DL, Henneman EA, Pham TA, Campbell MM, Nathanson BH.
Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Jun;55(6):503-9. Epub 2009 Dec 23.

Peer role-play and standardised patients in communication training: a comparative study on the student perspective on acceptability, realism, and perceived effect. 
Bosse HM, Nickel M, Huwendiek S, J´┐Żnger J, Schultz JH, Nikendei C.
BMC Med Educ. 2010 Mar 31;10:27.

Predicting failing performance on a standardized patient clinical performance examination: the importance of communication and professionalism skills deficits. 
Chang A, Boscardin C, Chou CL, Loeser H, Hauer KE.
Acad Med. 2009 Oct;84(10 Suppl):S101-4.

Randomized trial of teaching brief motivational interviewing to pediatric trainees to promote healthy behaviors in families. 
Lozano P, McPhillips HA, Hartzler B, Robertson AS, Runkle C, Scholz KA, Stout JW, Kieckhefer GM.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Jun;164(6):561-6.

The relationship between USMLE step 2 CS communication and interpersonal skills (CIS) ratings and the time spent by examinees interacting with standardized patients. 
SwygertK, Muller ES, Swanson DB, Scott CL.
Acad Med. 2009 Oct; 84(10 Supple):S1-4.

The relationship between USMLE Step 2 CS patient note ratings and time spent on the note: do examinees who spend more time write better notes? 
Swygert KA, Muller ES, Scott CL, Swanson DB.
Acad Med. 2010 Oct;85(10 Suppl):S89-92.

Reliability of consultation skills assessments using standardised versus real patients. 
Reinders ME, Blankenstein AH, van Marwijk HW, Knol DL, Ram P, van der Horst HE, de Vet HC, van der Vleuten CP.
Med Educ. 2011 Jun;45(6):578-84.

A review of standardized patients in clinical education: Implications for speech-language pathology programs. 
Hill AE, Davidson BJ, Theodoros DG.
Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2010 Jun;12(3):259-70.

Simulated patient programmes in Europe: collegiality or separate development? 
Cantillon P, Stewart B, Haeck K, Bills J, Ker J, Rethans JJ.
Med Teach. 2010;32(3):e106-10.

Standardisation of role players for the Clinical Skills Assessment of the MRCGP. 
Russell D, Simpson R, Rendel S.
Educ Prim Care. 2011 May;22(3):166-70.

Standardized Patient Instructor (SPI) interactions are a viable way to teach medical students about health behavior counseling.
Wagenschutz H, Ross P, Purkiss J, Yang J, Middlemas S, Lypson M.
Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Aug;84(2):271-4. Epub 2010 Sep 3.

Teaching medical students about disability: the use of standardized patients. 
Long-Bellil LM, Robey KL, Graham CL, Minihan PM, Smeltzer SC, Kahn P; Alliance for Disability in Health Care Education.
Acad Med. 2011 Sep;86(9):1163-70.

Teaching organ and tissue donation in medical and nursing education: a needs assessment. 
Anker AE, Feeley TH, Friedman E, Kruegler J.
Prog Transplant. 2009 Dec; 19(4):343-8.

Teaching pediatric residents to assess adolescent suicide risk with a standardized patient module. 
Fallucco EM, Hanson MD, Glowinski AL.
Pediatrics. 2010 May;125(5):953-9. Epub 2010 Apr 12.

A ten-year review of the literature on the use of standardized patients in teaching and learning: 1996-2005. 
May W, Park JH, Lee JP.
Med Teach. 2009 Jun;31(6):487-92.

Training simulated patients: evaluation of a training approach using self-assessment and peer/tutor feedback to improve performance. 
Perera J, Perera J, Abdullah J, Lee N.
BMC Med Educ. 2009 Jun 29;9:37.

Use of actors as standardized psychiatric patients. 
Keltner NL, Grant JS, McLernon D.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2011 May;49(5):34-40.

The use of simulated patients in medical education: AMEE Guide No 42. 
Cleland JA, Abe K, Rethans JJ.
Med Teach. 2009 Jun;31(6):477-86.

Use of simulated patients to assess the clinical and communication skills of community pharmacists. 
Weiss MC, Booth A, Jones B, Ramjeet S, Wong E.
Pharm World Sci. 2010 Jun;32(3):353-61. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

The use of standardized patient assessments for certification and licensure decisions. 
Boulet JR, Smee SM, Dillon GF, Gimpel JR.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):35-42.

The use of standardized patients to teach medical students clinical skills in ambulatory care settings. 
Myung SJ, Kang SH, Kim YS, Lee EB, Shin JS, Shin HY, Park WB.
Med Teach. 2010;32(11):e467-70.

Using simulated patients to develop doctors' skills in facilitating behaviour change: addressing childhood obesity. 
Gerner B, Sanci L, Cahill H, Ukoumunne OC, Gold L, Rogers L, McCallum Z, Wake M.
Med Educ. 2010 Jul;44(7):706-15.

Using simulators to aid the teaching of communication skills in cancer and palliative care. 
Faulkner A.
Patient Educ Couns. 1994 Jun;23(2):125-9.

Using standardized patients' marks in scoring postgraduate psychiatry OSCEs. 
Whelan P, Church L, Kadry K.
Acad Psychiatry. 2009 Jul-Aug;33(4):319-22.

Using standardized patients to assess professionalism: a generalizability study. 
Zanetti M, Keller L, Mazor K, Carlin M, Alper E, Hatem D, Gammon W, Pugnaire M.
Teach Learn Med. 2010 Oct;22(4):274-9.

Using standardized patients to assess the communication skills of graduating physicians for the comprehensive osteopathic medical licensing examination (COMLEX) level 2-performance evaluation (level 2-PE). 
Weidner AC, Gimpel JR, Boulet JR, Solomon M.
Teach Learn Med. 2010 Jan;22(1):8-15.

Using theatre in education in a traditional lecture oriented medical curriculum. 
Unalan PC, Uzuner A, Cif´┐Żili S, Akman M, Hancioglu S, Thulesius HO.
BMC Med Educ. 2009 Dec 15;9:73.

Web-based training in geriatrics for medical residents: a randomized controlled trial using standardized patients to assess outcomes. 
Westmoreland GR, Counsell SR, Tu W, Wu J, Litzelman DK.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Jun;58(6):1163-9.

Task Trainers - Procedural Skills

Competence and retention in performance of the lumbar puncture procedure in a task trainer model. 
Conroy SM, Bond WF, Pheasant KS, Ceccacci N.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Jun;5(3):133-8.

Competence and retention in performance of the lumbar puncture procedure in a task trainer model. 
Conroy, Steven M. DO; Bond, William F. MD, MS; Pheasant, Karen S. DO; Ceccacci, Nicole DO
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):133-138

Computer-simulation training for knee and shoulder arthroscopic surgery. 
Modi CS, Morris G, Mukherjee R.
Arthroscopy. 2010 Jun;26(6):832-40.

The effect of a low-fidelity model on cystoscopic skill training: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial.
Marjolein C. Persoon, MD; Barbara Schout, M.A. MD; Arno M.M. Muijtjens, MSc, PhD; Ad J.M. Hendrikx, MD, PhD; J. Alfred Witjes, MD; Albert J.J.M. Scherpbier, MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):213-218.

The effects of stress and coping on surgical performance during simulations. 
Wetzel CM, Black SA, Hanna GB, Athanasiou T, Kneebone RL, Nestel D, Wolfe JH, Woloshynowych M.
Ann Surg. 2010 Jan;251(1):171-6.

Endoscopic skills training in a simulated clinical setting. 
Fisher L, Ormonde DG, Riley RH, Laurence BH.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):232-7.

Higher Mental Workload is Associated With Poorer Laparoscopic Performance as Measured by the NASA-TLX Tool. 
Yurko YY, Scerbo MW, Prabhu AS, Acker CE, Stefanidis D.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):267-71.

A low-cost simulator for learning to manage postpartum hemorrhage in rural Africa. 
Perosky J, Richter R, Rybak O, Gans-Larty F, Mensah MA, Danquah A, Debpuur D, Kolbilla D, Ofosu A, Anderson F, Marzano D, Andreatta P.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):42-7.

Modification of the Laerdal SimBaby to include an integrated umbilical cannulation task trainer. 
Sawyer T, Hara K, Thompson MW, Chan DS, Berg B.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Fall;4(3):174-8.

Multipurpose simulator for technical skill development in thoracic surgery. 
Carter YM, Wilson BM, Hall E, Marshall MB.
J Surg Res. 2010 Oct;163(2):186-91. Epub 2010 May 22.

A novel approach for augmenting percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement training. 
Mittal MK, Kreitz KA, Resnick AS, Morris JB, Williams NN, Dumon KR.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):346-9.

Patient-specific simulation for endovascular procedures: qualitative evaluation of the development process. 
Willaert WI, Aggarwal R, Nestel DF, Gaines PA, Vermassen FE, Darzi AW, Cheshire NJ; European Virtual Reality Endovascular Research Team, EVEResT.
Int J Med Robot. 2010 Jun;6(2):202-10.

Simulated emergency department procedures with minimal monetary investment: cricothyrotomy simulator. 
Pettineo CM, Vozenilek JA, Wang E, Flaherty J, Kharasch M, Aitchison P.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):60-4.

Simulation for learning and teaching procedural skills: the state of the science. 
Nestel D, Groom J, Eikeland-Huseb´┐Ż S, O'donnell JM.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S10-3.

Simulation training in central venous catheter insertion: improved performance in clinical practice. 
Evans LV, Dodge KL, Shah TD, Kaplan LJ, Siegel MD, Moore CL, Hamann CJ, Lin Z, D'Onofrio G.
Acad Med. 2010 Sep;85(9):1462-9.

A Simulator for Teaching Transrectal Ultrasound Procedures: How Useful and Realistic Is It? 
Persoon MC, Schout B, Martens EJ, Tjiam IM, Tielbeek AV, Scherpbier AJ, Witjes JA, Hendrikx AJ.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):311-314.

A training program for novice paramedics provides initial laryngeal mask airway insertion skill and improves skill retention at 6 months. 
Hein C, Owen H, Plummer J.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Feb;5(1):33-9.

Using a prostate exam simulator to decipher palpation techniques that facilitate the detection of abnormalities near clinical limits. 
Wang, Ninghuan MS; Gerling, Gregory J. PhD; Krupski, Tracey L. MD, MPH; Childress, Reba Moyer MSN, FNP-BC; Martin, Marcus L. MD
Simul Healthc. 2010 June;5(3):152-160

Validation of virtual reality simulation for percutaneous renal access training. 
Mishra S, Kurien A, Patel R, Patil P, Ganpule A, Muthu V, Sabnis RB, Desai M.
J Endourol. 2010 Apr;24(4):635-40.

Team Training

The accuracy of clinical assessments as a measure for teamwork effectiveness. 
Nadler I, Sanderson PM, Liley HG.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Oct;6(5):260-8.

The Accuracy of Clinical Assessments as a Measure for Teamwork Effectiveness. 
Nadler I, Sanderson PM, Liley HG.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Jun 23.

Development and implementation of a team-centered shoulder dystocia protocol. 
Grobman WA, Hornbogen A, Burke C, Costello R.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Aug;5(4):199-203.

Does Every Code Need a "Reader?" Improvement of Rare Event Management With a Cognitive Aid "Reader" During a Simulated Emergency: A Pilot Study. 
Burden AR, Carr ZJ, Staman GW, Littman JJ, Torjman MC.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Nov 22.

Endocrine and psychological stress responses in a simulated emergency situation. 
Keitel A, Ringleb M, Schwartges I, Weik U, Picker O, Stockhorst U, Deinzer R.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011 Jan;36(1):98-108. Epub 2010 Jul 21.

GPU-based physical cut in interactive haptic simulations. 
Zerbato D, Baschirotto D, Baschirotto D, Botturi D, Fiorini P.
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2011 Mar;6(2):265-72. Epub 2010 Jun 23.

In situ simulation training for paediatric cardiorespiratory arrest: initial observations and identification of latent errors. 
Garden AL, Mills SA, Wilson R, Watts P, Griffin JM, Gannon S, Kapoor I.
Anaesth Intensive Care. 2010 Nov;38(6):1038-42.

Learning clinical communication skills: outcomes of a program for professional practitioners. 
Carvalho IP, Pais VG, Almeida SS, Ribeiro-Silva R, Figueiredo-Braga M, Teles A, Castro-Vale I, Mota-Cardoso R.
Patient Educ Couns. 2011 Jul;84(1):84-9. Epub 2010 Jun 12.

The management of a simulated emergency: better teamwork, better performance. 
Siassakos D, Fox R, Crofts JF, Hunt LP, Winter C, Draycott TJ.
Resuscitation. 2011 Feb;82(2):203-6. Epub 2010 Dec 8.

Mannequin simulation identifies common surgical intensive care unit teamwork errors long after introduction of sepsis guidelines. 
Mah JW, Bingham K, Dobkin ED, Malchiodi L, Russell A, Donahue S, Staff I, Ivy ME, Kirton OC.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Winter;4(4):193-9.

Nontechnical skills assessment after simulation-based continuing medical education. 
Morgan PJ, Kurrek MM, Bertram S, Leblanc V, Przybyszewski T.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Oct;6(5):255-9.

Short simulation training improves objective skills in established advanced practitioners managing emergencies on the ward and surgical intensive care unit. 
Pascual JL, Holena DN, Vella MA, Palmieri J, Sicoutris C, Selvan B, Fox AD, Sarani B, Sims C, Williams NN, Schwab CW.
J Trauma. 2011 Aug;71(2):330-7.

Simulation and CRM. 
Ostergaard D, Dieckmann P, Lippert A.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2011 Jun;25(2):239-49.

Simulation to assess the safety of new healthcare teams and new facilities. 
Geis GL, Pio B, Pendergrass TL, Moyer MR, Patterson MD.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Jun;6(3):125-33.

Simulation-based crisis team training for multidisciplinary obstetric providers. 
Robertson B, Schumacher L, Gosman G, Kanfer R, Kelley M, DeVita M.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Summer;4(2):77-83.

Simulation-based team training in healthcare.
Eppich W, Howard V, Vozenilek J, Curran I.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6 Suppl:S14-9.

Simulation-based training delivered directly to the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit engenders preparedness, comfort, and decreased anxiety among multidisciplinary resuscitation teams. 
Allan CK, Thiagarajan RR, Beke D, Imprescia A, Kappus LJ, Garden A, Hayes G, Laussen PC, Bacha E, Weinstock PH.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Sep;140(3):646-52. Epub 2010 Jun 8.

Targeted Crisis Resource Management Training Improves Performance Among Randomized Nursing and Medical Students. 
Jankouskas TS, Haidet KK, Hupcey JE, Kolanowski A, Murray WB.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print]

Teaching residents the two-challenge rule: a simulation-based approach to improve education and patient safety. 
Pian-Smith MC, Simon R, Minehart RD, Podraza M, Rudolph J, Walzer T, Raemer D.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Summer;4(2):84-91.

Team communication with patient actors: findings from a multisite simulation study. 
Siassakos D, Bristowe K, Hambly H, Angouri J, Crofts JF, Winter C, Hunt LP, Draycott TJ.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Jun;6(3):143-9

Team training/simulation. 
Clark EA, Fisher J, Arafeh J, Druzin M.
Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Mar;53(1):265-77.

The Use of In Situ Simulation to Evaluate Teamwork and System Organization During a Pediatric Dental Clinic Emergency. 
Brooks-Buza H, Fernandez R, Stenger JP.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb 25.

The Use of Simulation and a Modified TeamSTEPPS Curriculum for Medical and Nursing Student Team Training. 
Robertson B, Kaplan B, Atallah H, Higgins M, Lewitt MJ, Ander DS.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Dec;5(6):332-7.

Using high-fidelity simulation to develop nurse-physician teams. 
Klipfel JM, Gettman MT, Johnson KM, Olson ME, Derscheid DJ, Maxson PM, Arnold JJ, Moehnke DE, Nelson EA, Vierstraete HT.
J Contin Educ Nurs. 2011 Aug;42(8):347-57;

Using human factors engineering in designing and assessing nursing personnel responses to mock code training. 
Wilson BL, Phelps C, Downs B, Wilson K.
J Nurs Care Qual. 2010 Oct-Dec;25(4):295-303.

Using in situ simulation to identify and resolve latent environmental threats to patient safety: case study involving operational changes in a labor and delivery ward. 
Hamman WR, Beaudin-Seiler BM, Beaubien JM, Gullickson AM, Orizondo-Korotko K, Gross AC, Fuqua W, Lammers R.
Qual Manag Health Care. 2010 Jul-Sep;19(3):226-30.

Virtual Patients

A collaborative model for developing and maintaining virtual patients for medical education. 
Berman NB, Fall LH, Chessman AW, Dell MR, Lang VJ, Leong SL, Nixon LJ, Smith S.
Med Teach. 2011;33(4):319-24

Computer-delivered patient simulations in the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). 
Dillon GF, Clauser BE.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Spring;4(1):30-4.

Creation of virtual patients from CT images of cadavers to enhance integration of clinical and basic science student learning in anatomy. 
Jacobson S, Epstein SK, Albright S, Ochieng J, Griffiths J, Coppersmith V, Polak JF.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):749-51.

Cross-cultural use and development of virtual patients. 
Fors UG, Muntean V, Botezatu M, Zary N.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):732-8.

Developing an interactive microsimulation method in pharmacology. 
Collins AS, Graves BA, Gullette D, Edwards R.
J Nurs Educ. 2010 Jul;49(7):410-3

Development and validation of strategies to test for interoperability of virtual patients. 
Kononowicz AA, Heid J, Donkers J, Hege I, Woodham L, Zary N.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;150:185-9.

eLearning to enhance physician patient communication: a pilot test of "doc.com" and "WebEncounter" in teaching bad news delivery. 
Daetwyler CJ, Cohen DG, Gracely E, Novack DH.
Med Teach. 2010;32(9):e381-90.

Enhanced accuracy of continuous glucose monitoring by online extended kalman filtering. 
Facchinetti A, Sparacino G, Cobelli C.
Diabetes Technol Ther. 2010 May;12(5):353-63.

Experiencing virtual patients in clinical learning: a phenomenological study. 
Edelbring S, Dastmalchi M, Hult H, Lundberg IE, Dahlgren LO.
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2011 Aug;16(3):331-45. Epub 2011 Jun 9.

Feedforward-feedback multiple predictive controllers for glucose regulation in type 1 diabetes. 
Abu-Rmileh A, Garcia-Gabin W.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2010 Jul;99(1):113-23.

From the evolution of toxin resistance to virtual clinical trials: the role of mathematical models in oncology. 
Agur Z.
Future Oncol. 2010 Jun;6(6):917-27.

House calls revisited: leveraging technology to overcome obstacles to veteran psychiatric care and improve treatment outcomes. 
Olden M, Cukor J, Rizzo AS, Rothbaum B, Difede J.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010 Oct;1208:133-41.

The impact of a diagnostic reminder system on student clinical reasoning during simulated case studies. 
Carlson J, Abel M, Bridges D, Tomkowiak J.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):11-7.

Implementation of a web-based interactive virtual patient case simulation as a training and assessment tool for medical students. 
Oliven A, Nave R, Gilad D, Barch A.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;169:233-7.

Implementation of virtual online patient simulation. 
Patel V, Aggarwal R, Taylor D, Darzi A.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:440-6.

Improving assessment with virtual patients. 
Round J, Conradi E, Poulton T.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):759-63.

An intersubject variable regional anesthesia simulator with a virtual patient architecture. 
Ullrich S, Grottke O, Fried E, Frommen T, Liao W, Rossaint R, Kuhlen T, Deserno TM.
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2009 Nov;4(6):561-70. Epub 2009 June 13.

Neurophysiological monitoring simulation using flash animation for anesthesia resident training. 
Rebel A, Hatton KW, Sloan PA, Hayes CT, Sardam SC, Dority J, Hassan ZU.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Feb;6(1):48-54.

Online virtual patients - A driver for change in medical and healthcare professional education in developing countries? 
Dewhurst D, Borgstein E, Grant ME, Begg M.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):721-4.

The replacement of 'paper' cases by interactive online virtual patients in problem-based learning. 
Poulton T, Conradi E, Kavia S, Round J, Hilton S.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):752-8.

The role of intellectual property in creating, sharing and repurposing virtual patients. 
Campbell G, Miller A, Balasubramaniam C.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):709-12.

Towards a typology of virtual patients. 
Huwendiek S, De leng BA, Zary N, Fischer MR, Ruiz JG, Ellaway R.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):743-8.

Training healthcare personnel for mass-casualty incidents in a virtual emergency department: VED II. 
Heinrichs WL, Youngblood P, Harter P, Kusumoto L, Dev P.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2010 Sep-Oct;25(5):424-32.

Training staff to create simple interactive virtual patients: the impact on a medical and healthcare institution. 
Round J, Conradi E, Poulton T.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):764-9.

Use of a computer-based simulated consultation tool to assess whether doctors explore sociocultural factors during patient evaluation. 
Perron NJ, Perneger T, Kolly V, Dao MD, Sommer J, Hudelson P.
J Eval Clin Pract. 2009 Dec;15(6):1190-5.

Use of virtual patient populations for rescuing discontinued drug candidates and for reducing the number of patients in clinical trials. 
Kleiman M, Sagi Y, Bloch N, Agur Z.
Altern Lab Anim. 2009 Sep;37 Suppl 1:39-45.

The use of virtual patients to assess the clinical skills and reasoning of medical students: initial insights on student acceptance. 
Gesundheit N, Brutlag P, Youngblood P, Gunning WT, Zary N, Fors U.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):739-42.

Using a web-based orthopaedic clinic in the curricular teaching of a German university hospital: analysis of learning effect, student usage and reception. 
W´┐Żnschel M, Leichtle U, W´┐Żlker N, Kluba T.
Int J Med Inform. 2010 Oct;79(10):716-21. Epub 2010 Aug 21.

Virtual humans versus standardized patients: which lead residents to more correct diagnoses? 
Wendling AL, Halan S, Tighe P, Le L, Euliano T, Lok B.
Acad Med. 2011 Mar;86(3):384-8.

Virtual patient simulation: knowledge gain or knowledge loss? 
Botezatu M, Hult H, Tessma MK, Fors U.
Med Teach. 2010;32(7):562-8.

Virtual patient simulation: what do students make of it? A focus group study. 
Botezatu M, Hult H, Fors UG.
BMC Med Educ. 2010 Dec 4;10:91.

Virtual patients and problem-based learning in advanced therapeutics. 
Benedict N.
Am J Pharm Educ. 2010 Oct 11;74(8):143.

Virtual patients come of age. 
Ellaway RH, Poulton T, Smothers V, Greene P.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):683-4.

Virtual patients in a virtual world: Training paramedic students for practice. 
Conradi E, Kavia S, Burden D, Rice A, Woodham L, Beaumont C, Savin-Baden M, Poulton T.
Med Teach. 2009 Aug;31(8):713-20.

Virtual patients in geriatric education. 
Tan ZS, Mulhausen PL, Smith SR, Ruiz JG.
Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2010 Apr;31(2):163-73.

Virtual patients: ED-2 band-aid or valuable asset in the learning portfolio? 
Tworek J, Coderre S, Wright B, McLaughlin K.
Acad Med. 2010 Jan;85(1):155-8

Virtual patients: practical advice for clinical authors using Labyrinth. 
Begg M.
Clin Teach. 2010 Sep;7(3):202-5.

Virtual Reality

Faculty evaluation and expectations of VRBT and non-VRBT trained d1 students.
Gottlieb R, Buchanan JA, Berthold P, Maggio MP.
J Dent Educ. 2005 Jan;69(1):128.

Avatar-mediated training in the delivery of bad news in a virtual world. 
Andrade AD, Bagri A, Zaw K, Roos BA, Ruiz JG.
J Palliat Med. 2010 Dec;13(12):1415-9. Epub 2010 Nov 24.

Caregivers get training that simulates sensory and memory losses of dementia. 
Tamura, Leslie.
The Washington Post, July 6, 2010; E6.

Development of a training curriculum for microsurgery. 
Balasundaram I, Aggarwal R, Darzi LA.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010 Dec;48(8):598-606. Epub 2010 Jan 6.

Differentiating levels of surgical experience on a virtual reality temporal bone simulator. 
Zhao YC, Kennedy G, Hall R, O'Leary S.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Nov;143(5 Suppl 3):S30-5.

European consensus on a competency-based virtual reality training program for basic endoscopic surgical psychomotor skills. 
van Dongen KW, Ahlberg G, Bonavina L, Carter FJ, Grantcharov TP, Hyltander A, Schijven MP, Stefani A, van der Zee DC, Broeders IA.
Surg Endosc. 2011 Jan;25(1):166-71. Epub 2010 Jun 24.

Evaluating the effectiveness of virtual reality simulation training in intravenous cannulation. 
Loukas C, Nikiteas N, Kanakis M, Georgiou E.
Simul Healthc. 2011 Aug;6(4):213-7.

Experience with virtual reality-based technology in teaching restorative dental procedures. 
Buchanan JA.
J Dent Educ. 2004 Dec;68(12):1258-65.

Face and construct validity of a computer-based virtual reality simulator for ERCP. 
Bittner JG 4th, Mellinger JD, Imam T, Schade RR, Macfadyen BV Jr.
Gastrointest Endosc. 2010 Feb;71(2):357-64.

GPU-based efficient realistic techniques for bleeding and smoke generation in surgical simulators. 
Halic T, Sankaranarayanan G, De S.
Int J Med Robot. 2010 Dec;6(4):431-43. doi: 10.1002/rcs.353. Epub 2010 Sep 27.

Impact of computerized dental simulation training on preclinical operative dentistry examination scores. 
Urbankova A.
J Dent Educ. 2010 Apr;74(4):402-9.

Incorporating haptic effects into three-dimensional virtual environments to train the hemiparetic upper extremity. 
Adamovich SV, Fluet GG, Merians AS, Mathai A, Qiu Q.
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2009 Oct;17(5):512-20. Epub 2009 Aug 7.

An initial evaluation of virtual reality simulation in teaching pre-clinical operative dentistry in a UK setting. 
Rees JS, Jenkins SM, James T, Dummer PM, Bryant S, Hayes SJ, Oliver S, Stone D, Fenton C.
Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2007 Jun;15(2):89-92.

Integration of laparoscopic virtual-reality simulation into gynaecology training. 
Burden C, Oestergaard J, Larsen CR.
BJOG. 2011 Nov;118 Suppl 3:5-10

Integration of patient-specific paranasal sinus computed tomographic data into a virtual surgical environment. 
Parikh SS, Chan S, Agrawal SK, Hwang PH, Salisbury CM, Rafii BY, Varma G, Salisbury KJ, Blevins NH.
Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2009 Jul-Aug;23(4): 442-7.

An "intermediate curriculum" for advanced laparoscopic skills training with virtual reality simulation. 
Schreuder HW, van Hove PD, Janse JA, Verheijen RR, Stassen LP, Dankelman J.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2011 Sep-Oct;18(5):597-606. Epub 2011 Jul 23.

Laser surgery simulation platform: toward full-procedure training and rehearsal for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) therapy. 
Shen Y, Konchada V, Zhang N, Jain S, Zhou X, Burke D, Wong C, Carson C, Roehrborn C, Sweet R.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:574-80.

Lean on Wii: physical rehabilitation with virtual reality Wii peripherals. 
Anderson F, Annett M, Bischof WF.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;154:229-34.

National Science and Technology Institute for Translational Medicine (INCT-TM): advancing the field of translational medicine and mental health. 
Hallak JE, Crippa JA, Quevedo J, Roesler R, Schr´┐Żder N, Nardi AE, Kapczinski F.
Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2010 Mar;32(1):83-90.

The New Jersey Institute of Technology Robot-Assisted Virtual Rehabilitation (NJIT-RAVR) system for children with cerebral palsy: a feasibility study. 
Qiu Q, Ramirez DA, Saleh S, Fluet GG, Parikh HD, Kelly D, Adamovich SV.
J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2009 Nov 16;6:40.

Preclinical Dental Student? Perception of the Implementation of VR-Based Technology.
Gottlieb R, Buchanan JA, Berthold P, Maggio MP.
J Dent Educ. 2005 Jan;69(1):127.

Randomized controlled trial of virtual reality and hybrid simulation for robotic surgical training. 
Feifer A, Al-Ammari A, Kovac E, Delisle J, Carrier S, Anidjar M.
BJU Int. 2011 Nov;108(10):1652-6;

Simulated interviews 3.0: virtual humans to train abilities of diagnosis--usability assessment. 
Pe´┐Żaloza-Salazar C, Gutierrez-Maldonado J, Ferrer-Garcia M, Garcia-Palacios A, Andres-Pueyo A, Aguilar-Alonso A.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;167:165-9.

Simulating video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: a virtual reality cognitive task simulation. 
Solomon B, Bizekis C, Dellis SL, Donington JS, Oliker A, Balsam LB, Zervos M, Galloway AC, Pass H, Grossi EA.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jan;141(1):249-55.

Single and multi-user virtual patient design in the virtual world. 
Taylor D, Patel V, Cohen D, Aggarwal R, Kerr K, Sevdalis N, Batrick N, Darzi A.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:650-2.

Student perception of virtual reality dental simulation use at NSU.
Gartner JL, Quinton HA, Brodie AJ.
J Dent Res. 2005;84(Special Issue A).

Technology and medicine: the evolution of virtual reality simulation in laparoscopic training. 
Bashir G.
Med Teach. 2010;32(7):558-61.

Testing the construct validity of the Simbionix GI Mentor II virtual reality colonoscopy simulator metrics: module matters.
Fayez R, Feldman LS, Kaneva P, Fried GM.
Surg Endosc. 2010 May;24(5):1060-5. Epub 2009 Nov 13.

Tolerance of a virtual reality intervention for attention remediation in persons with severe TBI. 
Larson EB, Ramaiya M, Zollman FS, Pacini S, Hsu N, Patton JL, Dvorkin AY.
Brain Inj. 2011;25(3):274-81.

Toward a comprehensive hybrid physical-virtual reality simulator of peripheral anesthesia with ultrasound and neurostimulator guidance. 
Samosky JT, Allen P, Boronyak S, Branstetter B, Hein S, Juhas M, Nelson DA, Orebaugh S, Pinto R, Smelko A, Thompson M, Weaver RA.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:552-4.

Use of virtual reality technology in teaching denal operative procedures.
Buchanan J, Gluch J, Stewart D, Abu-Hanna A, Mete M, Mante F, Hammrich P.
J Dent Educ. 2000 Mar;64(3):227.

Virtual dental surgery as a new educational tool in dental school. 
Pohlenz P, Gr´┐Żbe A, Petersik A, von Sternberg N, Pflesser B, Pommert A, H´┐Żhne KH, Tiede U, Springer I, Heiland M.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2010 Dec;38(8):560-4. Epub 2010 Mar 29.

Virtual reality in laparoscopic skills training: is haptic feedback replaceable? 
Hiemstra E, Terveer EM, Chmarra MK, Dankelman J, Jansen FW.
Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol. 2011 May;20(3):179-84. Epub 2011 Mar 27.

A virtual reality simulation curriculum for intravenous cannulation training. 
Loukas C, Nikiteas N, Kanakis M, Moutsatsos A, Leandros E, Georgiou E.
Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Oct;17(10):1142-5.

Virtual reality simulation in acquiring and differentiating basic ophthalmic microsurgical skills. 
Solverson DJ, Mazzoli RA, Raymond WR, Nelson ML, Hansen EA, Torres MF, Bhandari A, Hartranft CD.
Simul Healthc. 2009 Summer;4(2):98-103.

Virtual reality: a new paranasal sinus surgery simulator. 
Tolsdorff B, Pommert A, Hohne KH, Petersik A, Pflesser B, Tiede U, Leuwer R.
Laryngoscope. 2010 Feb;120(2):420-6.

Virtual reality-based technology (VRBT) Training positively enhanced performance on preclinical examinations.
Maggio MP, Buchanan JA, Berthold P, Gottlieb R.
J Dent Educ. 2005 Jan;69(1):161.

A virtual training simulator for learning cataract surgery with phacoemulsification. 
Choi KS, Soo S, Chung FL.
Comput Biol Med. 2009 Nov;39(11):1020-31. Epub 2009 Aug 31.

Virtual Reality and Haptics

Augmented kinematic feedback from haptic virtual reality for dental skill acquisition. 
Suebnukarn S, Haddawy P, Rhienmora P, Jittimanee P, Viratket P.
J Dent Educ. 2010 Dec;74(12):1357-66.

A biomechanical model of the female reproductive system and the fetus for the realization of a childbirth virtual simulator. 
Buttin R, Zara F, Shariat B, Redarce T.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:5263-6.

Construct validity of a full procedure, virtual reality, real-time, simulation model for training in transurethral resection of the prostate. 
Källström R, Hjertberg H, Svanvik J.
J Endourol. 2010 Jan;24(1):109-15.

Development of a visio-haptic integrated dental training simulation system. 
Konukseven EI, Onder ME, Mumcuoglu E, Kisnisci RS.
J Dent Educ. 2010 Aug;74(8):880-91.

Effects of 3D virtual haptics force feedback on brand personality perception: the mediating role of physical presence in advergames. 
Jin SA.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2010 Jun;13(3):307-11.

Evaluation of upper extremity robot-assistances in subacute and chronic stroke subjects. 
Ziherl J, Novak D, Olensek A, Mihelj M, Munih M.
J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2010 Oct 18;7:52.

Haptic virtual reality for skill acquisition in endodontics. 
Suebnukarn S, Haddawy P, Rhienmora P, Gajananan K.
J Endod. 2010 Jan;36(1):53-5.

A high performance graphic and haptic curvilinear capsulorrhexis simulation system. 
Liang S, Banerjee PP, Edward DP.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:5092-5.

Role of haptic feedback in a basic laparoscopic task requiring hand-eye coordination. 
Singapogu RB, Pagano CC, Burg TC, Burg KJ, Prabhu VV.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:591-3.

The role of haptic feedback in laparoscopic training using the LapMentor II. 
Salkini MW, Doarn CR, Kiehl N, Broderick TJ, Donovan JF, Gaitonde K.
J Endourol. 2010 Jan;24(1)99-102.

Simulation in neurosurgery: a review of computer-based simulation environments and their surgical applications. 
Malone HR, Syed ON, Downes MS, D'Ambrosio AL, Quest DO, Kaiser MG.
Neurosurgery. 2010 Oct;67(4):1105-16.

A stiffness discrimination experiment including analysis of palpation forces and velocities. 
Karadogan E, Williams RL 2nd, Howell JN, Conatser RR Jr.
Simul Healthc. 2010 Oct;5(5):279-88.

Teaching bovine abdominal anatomy: use of a haptic simulator. 
Kinnison T, Forrest ND, Frean SP, Baillie S.
Anat Sci Educ. 2009 Nov;2(6):280-5.

Three dimensional projection environment for molecular design and surgical simulation. 
Wickstrom E, Chen CP, Devadhas D, Wampole M, Jin YY, Sanders JM, Kairys JC, Ankeny ML, Hu R, Barner KE, Steiner KV, Thakur ML.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:691-5.

Virtual reality haptic human dissection. 
Needham C, Wilkinson C, Soames R.
Stud Health Technol Inform. 2011;163:397-9.

A virtual reality simulator for teaching and evaluating dental procedures. 
Rhienmora P, Haddawy P, Khanal P, Suebnukarn S, Dailey MN.
Methods Inf Med. 2010;49(4):396-405. Epub 2010 Jun 22.

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